The following table summarises 10 key rhetorical elements often to be found in effective speeches. In practice, these elements can appear indistinguishable. Identifying what part of a speech corresponds to which rhetorical element is, however, an academic concern. What is important, is that a speech features these elements – not all, necessarily, but one or two minimum, as a rule-of-thumb. If they are present – but not forced! – then the effectiveness of that speech is likely to be high.

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